A hip roof is one that each side of the roof slopes down toward the walls of the home. In most cases, the slope of the roof is a gentle one as opposed to sharply pitched. There are no gables on a hip roof.
One of the advantages to a hip roof is that it is self-bracing. It requires less diagonal bracing, and they are typically found in regions of the country where hurricanes occur. Hip roofs are designed in such a way that they don’t catch wind, but the slope of the roof is important. The flatter the slope, the more likely it is that the roof will catch the wind and act like the wings of an airplane, lifting the roof off of the home.
One of the disadvantages of a hip roof is that it leaves less room on the inside of a home. For example, a gable roof tends to allow space for an attic that can be finished into a loft or spare room as the needs of a family grow. A hip roof, because of its relatively flat design and no need for bracing, does not allow for the same space underneath.
If you are interested in your options for roofing styles and the design that may be best suited to your home and region, speak with an experienced home designer for more information. A home designer can help you make the best decisions for your needs and budget.